The Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation and PJSC Rostelecom signed a contract, under which schools, colleges, technical schools, lyceums and other organizations of general and secondary vocational education, as well as territorial election commissions, must be provided with data transfer services and access to Net.
The duties of the provider of digital services and services will also include constant monitoring of the quality of services provided and maintaining it at the proper level, protection against DDoS attacks and firewalling, restricting access to information prohibited in Russia (content filtering), as well as services for cryptographic protection of channels communication.
So, in schools, colleges and other educational organizations, Rostelecom will monitor Internet traffic via http and https protocols, block access to resources prohibited in the Russian Federation (for example, extremist materials, malicious and malicious software, unwanted advertising), and the most popular social networks Facebook and VKontakte, the online game World of Tanks, the Pornhub porn site, the Upyachka.ru entertainment resource and a number of other sites. Such blocking should ensure the forced inclusion of safe search mode for a number of Internet search systems – Google, Yandex, Yahoo, Bing, Rambler, Ask.com, as well as for the YouTube portal.
The traffic used is supposed to be limited by volume. In addition, support will be provided for the “black” and “white” lists of Internet sites, and a list of resources to which each of the users visited.
PJSC Rostelecom will act as the sole contractor for the contract. Its amount is 10.3 billion rubles, 6.7 billion of which will be allocated from the federal budget by the end of the current 2020. Under the terms of an agreement with the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation, the provider will build a Unified Data Transmission Network (ESTD) using fiber-optic communication lines. The ESAP must have at least one point of connection in each constituent entity of the Russian Federation, be isolated from the global network, and Internet channels must not be used in its construction. In addition, within the framework of the ESPD, it is planned to organize a number of virtual private networks (VPN), which, in addition to access to the Internet, will also provide the transmission of data from election commissions for access to the state information system (GAS) “Vybory”.
All telecom operators that already have signed state contracts for the provision of communication services for schools, colleges and election commissions, or conclude such contracts in the future, will be invited to connect their networks to the ESPD nodes.
In total, over 6 thousand urban and 20 thousand rural schools, 85 regional and 2.7 thousand territorial election commissions are expected to be connected to the Internet using the ESAP. Another 7.08 thousand municipal educational organizations in cities and 7.78 thousand in rural areas can be connected additionally.
According to the terms of the contract, urban schools and colleges must have access to the Internet at a speed of at least 100 Mbit / s, rural – 50 Mbit / s, for hard-to-reach areas, speed requirements are reduced to 1 Mbit / s.
Regional election commissions must be provided with Internet access, the speed of which is at least 50 Mbit / s, territorial – at least 5 Mbit / s. And in order to access GAS “Vybory”, the CEC must have a channel with a speed of at least 40 Gbit / s.
The quality of access to the Internet will be checked using the example of a number of state resources, including the Unified Portal of Public Services, the websites of the President of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the National Guard, the Ministry of Emergencies, etc.
According to experts, the contract is part of the federal project “Information Infrastructure” of the national program “Digital Economy”.
education and training, Internet technologies in education
Rostelecom | Rostelecom